Yes, sure, in Maxon Cinema 4D have own analog/version of 3ds Max smoothing groups. This is "Phong Tag". Phong Tag do smoothing without modification/changing polygon mesh. You need apply a "Phong Tag" on desired object for getting 3ds Max smoothing groups effect.
How to apply tag
A "Phong Tag" are applying same as and other tags in C4D. How to apply tag in Cinema 4D? For this there have several ways:
Select desired object > click right mouse button (call a context menu) > item "New tag" > item "Cinema 4D tags" > item "Phong".
Select desired object > "Objects" window/panel (list of all objects of scene) > top menu > item "Tags" > item "Cinema 4D tags" > item "Phong".