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What is difference between return 1 and return 0 exit code in C and C++ programing language? When should I return 1? Why main function return 0 for success in C? What exit code number mean success and what failure?


main return 0 or 1

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It's defined by C standard as 0 for success and 1 for fail. This value returned to OS from main, exit or similar calls.

The reason why main use 0 for success is that it is used as the exit code of the application to the operating system, where 0 typically means success and 1 (or higher) means failure. (Of course, you should always use the predefined macros EXIT_SUCCESS and EXIT_FAILURE.)

Inside an application, however, it's more natural to use zero for failure and non-zero for success, as the return value can directly be used in an if condition.

But for greater portability, you can use macros EXIT_SUCCESS and EXIT_FAILURE for conventional status value for success and failure, respectively. They are declared in file "stdlib.h".

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